moving panorama

Décors Transparents Animés

Louis Carrogis Carmontelle invented the décors transparents animés in the early 1800s.

Original Grand New Peristrephic or Moving Panorama

Original Grand New Peristrephic or Moving Panorama 1823, depicting coronation of George IV, containing 100,000 faces. Very little known about it…


Pleorama, Breslau 1831, 24 spectators on a boat that rocked back and forth, for an hour, on each side a moving canvas of the Bay of Naples. In November of 1832, changed to the banks of the Rhine. Abandoned in October 1833, according to Bernard Comment because they couldn't make enough money with only 24 people per show, only four or five shows a day.


Moving canvas 900 square meters opened in London in 1834. Several carriages for spectators, presenting the moving scenes of the most interesting sections of the new Manchester-to-Liverpool railway.


Another name for a moving panorama, or spooled painting.
"Poole's Myriorama" was well-known and is even mentioned in James Joyce's Ulysses.

Mid-Century United States Moving Panorama

"Prior to the advent of motion pictures, large painted canvases traveled to communities throughout the nation as a form of entertainment."
Very popular in the United States in the 1840s, appearing in theaters and reception halls. Most popular being the Mississippi River, but also more remote American regions, a trip the ends with burning of St. Louis, and one by Dr. Dickinson and John J. Egan depicting Native American traditions (burial grounds, scalps, etc.).
These are some notable U.S. moving panoramas and artists:
John Adams Hudson, in St Louis in May 1848, simulated a four-day, three-night journey down the Hudson River on a canvas over 1200 meters long. Travelled for ten months, on a good day attracting 1000 spectators. Fire destroyed the canvas in April 1849.
John Banvard' s Mississippi from the mouth of the Missouri to New Orleans very successful. 400 meters perhaps, but not the 6 kilometers as advertised. Spoken tour with anecdotes and information.
John Rowson Smith's Original Gigantic American Panorama from St. Anthony Falls to New Orleans competed with Banvard in London.
William Burr created a popular depiction of Great Lakes, Niagra Falls, St Lawrence and Saguenay rivers, included night and day effects, sun and moonlight, seasons and climatic conditions. Inaugurated September 1849.
The Grand Moving Panorama of Pilgrim's Progress was very popular.

Portable Moving Panoramas

Fashionable in the 1820s. Robert Havell in England was one of the best makers. Usually rivers or sea voyages, or urban axes like the Champs-Elysées, and sometimes events like dog races. No more than 5.5 meters long, housed in cases.

The Exposition Universelle of 1900

Talking films were the big deal, but there were many panoramas. Three of particular interest:
Trans-Siberian Railway Panorama funded by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits, three luxurious carriages with the most spectacular scenes between Moscow and Beijing rolling by on four successive layers of landscape.
Also, the Mareorama, in which spectators climbed aboard a a transatlantic ship charted from Marseilles to Yokohama. Two giant scrolling paintings flowed by on either side.
Sterorama exhibited in the Algerian pavilion was an inverted panorama, with a rotating circular canvas in the center, simulated waves in the foreground, presenting the Algerian coast.

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